2010 Art Market Status Report – 2nd half – artmarketblog.com

2010 Art Market Status Report – 2nd half – artmarketblog.com

The art market has found its self in a rather interesting predicament.  On the one hand, confidence in the art market has increased considerably since the beginning of the year.  On the other hand, the ever increasing likelihood of a major financial crisis has seen more cautious and selective buying.  Adding to the drama is the increasingly obvious lack of top quality paintings by the Old Masters, which the market is currently showing a very healthy appetite for.

On the 13th of July an impression of Edvard Munch’s controversial work Madonna sold for an amazing £1,252,000 at Bonhams – twice its lower estimate of £500,000. This makes it the most expensive print ever sold in the UK and the second most expensive print in the world. At Bonham’s 19th Century Paintings sale held on the 22nd Apr 2010, ‘Female figure study’ , a drawing on paper by John Constable with a hidden history, sold for four times it pre-sale estimate to make £24,000. Also achieving success was an interesting  ‘Portrait of a Gentleman’ by George Dawe (British 1781-1829) which was the subject of fiercely competitive bidding and finally sold for £43,200 against a pre-sale estimate of £4,000-6,000.

At Christie’s Victorian & British Impressionist Pictures Including Drawings & Watercolours sale on the 16th of June,  Sir George Clausen’s ‘Head of a young girl (Rose Grimsdale)’ made £505,250 against an estimate of 250,000 – 350,000 setting a new world auction record for a work on paper by the artist. The same sale also saw a new record for Archibald Thorburn with yet another work on paper titled ‘Grouse in flight’ which made £217,250 against an estimate of 60,000 – 80,000

At Christie’s 23 June 2010 auction of Impressionist and Modern Art the top price was achieved by ‘Portrait of Angel Fernández de Soto’, 1903, a Blue Period masterpiece by Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), which sold for £34,761,250 against an estimate of 30,000,000 – 40,000,000.  Another portrait titled ‘Frauenbildnis (Portrait of Ria Munk III)’, one of the last great female portraits painted by Gustav Klimt (1862-1918), sold for £18,801,250 against an estimate of £14 million to £18 million.

Yet more portraits achieved high prices at Christie’s Old Masters & 19th Century Art sale held on the 9th of July at their South Kensington saleroom. Margaret Sarah Carpenter’s ‘Portrait of a young girl’, who is thought to be Henrietta Carpenter, reached £32,450 against an estimate of 7,000-10,000 and achieved a new world record price for the artist at auction. A work from the Studio of Sir Peter Lely titled ‘Portrait of King Charles II’ also fetched £32,450 against an estimate of 6,000-8,000.

Over at Sotheby’s the ‘An Exceptional Eye: A Private British Collection’ sale held on the 14th of July saw a watercolour over pencil by John Robert Cozens titled ‘The Lake of Albano and Castel Gandolfo’ reach £2,393,250 against an estimate of 500,000 ‐ 700,000 –  the top price of the sale and a new record for the artist at auction.  The portrait miniatures performed particularly well with the Sotheby’s press release stating that “a very high price achieved for an early work by John Smart (lot 17, £56,450), and a record for a work by Bernard Lens (lot 10, Portrait of King Charles I, sold for £58,850)”

At Sotheby’s Impressionist & Modern Art Evening Sale held on the 22nd of June, the top price paid was again for a portrait.  Edouard Manet’s ‘Portrait de Manet par lui-même, en buste (Manet à la palette)’ fetched £22,441,250 against an estimate of £20,000,000-30,000,000 –  a record for the artist at auction. The top-selling lot of the June Russian Paintings Day Sale was Boris Grigoriev’s oil on canvas Portrait of the artist’s son, Kirill, which sold for the sum of £253,250, above its high estimate of £200,000.  Another portrait, Alexander Evgenievich Yakovlev’s ‘Titi and Naranghe, Daughters of Chief Eki Bondo’, took top spot at the 7 June Important Russian Art Sale selling for £2,505,250 – more than triple the £700,000 – 900,000 estimate .  Sotheby’s sale of the long-lost art trove of Ambroise Vollard saw more records set for works on paper held in Paris on the 29th of June. According to the Sotheby’s press release from the sale: “Key works among the highlights of the group were an extremely fine impression of Picasso’s celebrated 1904 etching ‘Le Repas frugal’ (another portrait), which more than doubled its high estimate of €300,000 to bring €720,750 (£584,078), the highest price of the sale. A monotype by Edgar Degas, ‘La Fête de la patronne’, circa 1878-79 soared past pre-sale estimates (€200,000-300,000) to bring €516,750. Paul Gauguin’s ‘Trois Têtes Tahitiennes ‘sold for €312,750 (£253,445) well above the estimate of €100,000 to €150,000 and a record was set for a print by Pierre-Auguste Renoir when ‘Le Chapeau Epinglé, Deuxième Planche’ more than tripled its high estimate of €80,000 to bring €252,750 (£204,822). Man Ray’s ‘Autoportrait solarié’ fetched €168,750 ($206,138)”

On the 2nd of June at Sotheby’s in London, in the sale of 19th Century European Paintings, one of the finest figure paintings by Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot ever to have appeared on the market was purchased by the Musée d’Art et d’Histoire in Geneva for £1,609,250, exceeding its pre-sale high estimate of £1.2 million.  According to Sotheby’s “‘Jeune femme à la fontaine’ enjoyed an exceptional early provenance before it was requisitioned during the Nazi period, and was recently restituted to the heirs of its erstwhile owners.”

The results that I have highlighted above give a good indication of the current market sentiment and the market trends that are likely to define the market for the near future.  To start with, the popularity of portraits is a major indication that buyers are seeking the safety of the academic and the scholarly.  With portraits in particular, the level of skill and talent of the artist is pretty much immediately obvious to even the most untrained eye. When it comes to fine art, and portraits in particular, I do not think that people use the term craftsmanship to describe the work carried out by some artists.  To accurately portray the physical attributes and the personality of the sitter is, in my opinion, a craft that requires skill, training and a healthy dose of talent.  When one adds the historical value and importance of portraiture, the appeal of a famous (or not so famous) face from history to an investor becomes even more apparent.

I have spoken about the concept of fine art as a form of currency in previous posts.  If ever there was a type of art that was more suited to being used as a form of currency, it would have to be portraiture.   The number of common features that most portraits share, combined with the ease with which one can judge and value a portrait based on intrinsic and extrinsic characteristics, makes the portrait a prime candidate for an art world currency.  As I have said before, scholarship is the key to successful art investment, and successful wealth preservation using art for that matter.  Portraits are usually afforded the honour of in depth scrutiny and attention by scholars and academics because of the information that portraits can provide about various branches of history.  For this reason, among others, portraits are given the sort of long term continued attention that constantly adds value.

The second trend that I have alluded to is a greater interest in works on paper – in particular original drawings and watercolours.  I personally of the opinion that the increased popularity of watercolour paintings, particularly those by British artists, is due to the greater interest in the art of the Victorian era which was the golden age of British watercolour painting. Although original works on paper, such as drawings and watercolours, are often looked upon as the less valuable mediums in the scheme of things, the tide can change very quickly as it has recently.  As well as the revival of interest in Victorian art, a shortage of major works by the Old Masters and the Impressionists has driven buyers to seek the qualities that they are looking for in other mediums and periods. An article titled ‘Young masters in an old game’ from The Guardian newspaper written by John Windsor in November 2009 sums up the situation surrounding works on paper perfectly with the following statement: “Taste is shifting from new, ill-conceived conceptual art of the Brit-pack variety – costing thousands but faltering at auction, towards old, traditional skill-based art……. but you do need to develop an eye for quality – the easy, confident line of a master draughtsman, the luminosity of a watercolourist’s washes.” It is a shame that the watercolour painting is considered the poorer cousin of the oil painting because there are so many amazing watercolours by some of the world’s greatest artists that do not receive the exposure that they deserve.

**Nicholas Forrest is an art market analyst, art critic and journalist based in Sydney, Australia. He is the founder of http://www.artmarketblog.com, writes the art column for the magazine Antiques and Collectibles for Pleasure and Profit and contributes to many other publications

Latique.com Launches First Product Based Social Media Site for Antique Dealers

Courtesy of prtothetrade.com and latique.com:

Latique.com Launches First Product Based Social Media Site for Antique Dealers

March 25, 2010 (DALLAS) Latique.com, a Dallas start-up, announces the launch of the first product based social media site for buyers of traditional antiques and fine period art.

According to Julie Garrett VanDolen, Latique.com co-founder, Latique.com listed more than 400 traditional antiques and classic home decor items at launch in early March 2010. It currently showcases nearly 700 antiques from 30 top level dealers in the United States. The number of dealers selling through Latique.com is growing daily.

Latique.com uses social media techniques similar to those found on Facebook and Linkedin are being utilized to reach out to the Internet generation, young marrieds and new homeowners.

The format of combining an online marketplace with a social media component offers an experience that both educates and engages.  The ultimate goal of Latique.com is to build a community of antique buyers who appreciate traditional antiques and classic home décor.

By networking users with dealers, designers and like-minded friends, Latique.com fills in where overburdened antique dealers have left off. It teaches new buyers about styles of the past that work with their contemporary lifestyle.

The social media aspect also helps recreate the excitement of retail shopping, where browsing and conversation are integral parts of a successful experience. Both new buyers and seasoned collectors can engage in online dialogs with sellers and knowledgeable experts before making the decision to purchase.

“We believe that relationship between the retailer and client can extend beyond the store,” says the Julie Garrett VanDolen, the 30-something co-founder of Latique.com. “We want information about antiques and decorative arts to be accessible to everyone at any time.”

In keeping with the efforts to broaden the market for antiques through social engagement, Latique.com features an online magazine. The Latique Magazine includes a monthly Founders Letter that updates users on trends, home fashion and the evolution of classic style. Another section offers insights from top designers. Joseph Minton, a Texas designer with an international reputation was featured in the launch issue.  Future interviews will showcase young designers who blend contemporary with traditional for a fashion forward look.

Insider blogs, written by members of the antiques trade, offer yet another level of transparency that is not usually associated with the selling of fine period furniture.  The blogs, although mostly intended to bring dealers into the new era of online selling, also allow users to get a feel for the practical aspects of selling antiques, an area that has often been cloaked in mystery.

Latique.com has other features that set it off from the spate of online antique malls. For instance, the home page changes every time an antique or decorative item is added.  Dealers’ business cards and specialty announcements march across the home page, rotating each time the page is reloaded.

Carol Sims, a visitor to the site left this comment.  “I like the fresh, timely approach to making Latique a social shopping site. It will be nice to see this fun, sociable interaction grow into something really meaningful and fun.”

Dealers are equally excited about being a part of the new community. As retailers have seen a decline of walk-ins during the suffering economy, they are in dire need of new grounds to market their goods.

“This is the future of the arts and antiques community,” said James Eddy, proprietor of Colonial Arts, a San Francisco based antique dealer and a Latique.com dealer. “Buyers let their fingers do the walking in the era of Internet. We (dealers) need to expand our view of our customer base to increase revenue.”

Latique.com, is the first product based antiques site to reach out to new buyers with a social media component that allows users to engage in conversation with dealers and designers.  Latique.com’s tagline is “Traditional Antiques and Classic Home Décor for Contemporary Living.”

Media Contacts:
Julie VanDolen, (800) 891-9409 julie.vandolen@latique.com
Regina Kolbe, (212) 665-6773 regina@prthetrade.com

**Nicholas Forrest is an art market analyst, art critic and journalist based in Sydney, Australia. He is the founder of http://www.artmarketblog.com, writes the art column for the magazine Antiques and Collectibles for Pleasure and Profit and contributes to many other publications

Who Purchased What Art 2nd Half 09 – artmarketblog.com

Who Purchased What Art 2nd Half 09 – artmarketblog.com

THE PROPERTY OF THE EARL OF JERSEY'S TRUST - SIR ANTHONY VAN DYCK ANTWERP 1599 - 1641 LONDON SELF PORTRAIT  2,000,000—3,000,000 GBP Lot Sold.  Hammer Price with Buyer's Premium:  8,329,250 GBP

THE PROPERTY OF THE EARL OF JERSEY'S TRUST - SIR ANTHONY VAN DYCK ANTWERP 1599 - 1641 LONDON SELF PORTRAIT 2,000,000—3,000,000 GBP Lot Sold. Hammer Price with Buyer's Premium: 8,329,250 GBP

I always find it interesting and very useful to find out who is purchasing what at auction and for how much.  The information below comes from the auction houses who are only allowed to reveal the identity of those buyers who choose to have their identity revealed which, unfortunately,  is usually not many.   It is interesting to note that Philip Mould is a well known purchaser of undervalued or mis-attributed works of art which he then tends to re-sell for considerably more than he paid.

Important American Paintings, Drawings and Sculpture
New York – Wednesday, December 2, 2009
Sale no: 2225 – Top Ten
Raphaelle Peale, Still Life, oil on panel
Estimate: $300,000-500,000
Price Paid: $842,500/ £507,530/ €557,947
Purchased by: Richard Rossello/Avery Galleries

Purchaser Details:

Victorian and British Impressionist Art Including Drawings and Watercolours
London – Thursday, 16 December 2009
Sale no: 7788 – Top Ten
Alfred Munnings reading by Harold Knight, R.A. (1874-1961)
Estimate: £30,000 – 50,000
Price paid: £115,250/ $187,281/ €128,850
Purchased by: Richard Green Gallery, London

Purchaser Details:

Old Masters & 19th Century Art
London – Tuesday, 7 July 2009
Sale no: 7743 – Top Ten
Michele Giovanni Marieschi (Venice 1710-1743), The Courtyard of the Doge’s Palace, Venice, with the Scala dei Giganti, Saint Mark’s Basilica beyond
Estimate: £2,000,000- 3,000,000
Price paid: £2,169,250/ $3,512,016/ €2,518,499
Purchased by: Otto Naumann Ltd

Purchaser Details:

Sale Results London, Bond St
Sale L09637 Old Master & British Paintings – Day Sale 10 DEC 09
James Seymour, Portrait of the racehorse Sedbury, with a groom, oil on canvas
Estimate: £80,000 – 120,000
Price paid: £505,250/ €558,553/ $820,526
Purchased by: Richard Green Gallery

Purchaser Details:

Sale Results London, Bond St
Sale L09636 Old Master and British Paintings – Evening 09 DEC 09
Sir Anthony van Dyck, Self portrait, oil on canvas
Estimate: £2,000,000 -3,000,000
Price paid: £8,329,250/ €9,207,960/ $13,521,704)
Purchased by: Alfred Bader in partnership with Philip Mould

Purchaser Details:

Sale Results London, Bond St
Sale L09663 19th Century European Paintings Including Spanish Painting, The Orientalist Sale, And German,
Austrian, Scandinavian and Symbolist Works 24 NOV 09
Adolph Menzel, Umgestürzter Teekessel (Upturned teapot), oil on canvas
Estimate: £40,000 – 60,000
Price paid: £373,250/ €413,301/ $617,393
Purchased by: French and Company

Sale Results London, Bond St
Sale L09699 20th Century British Art 11 NOV 09
Sir Stanley Spencer, John Donne arriving in heaven, pencil, pen and ink
Estimate: £12,000 – 18,000
Price paid: £87,650/ $146,831
Purchased by: Daniel Katz Ltd

Purchaser Details:

Sale Results London, Bond St
Sale L09699 20th Century British Art 11 NOV 09
Frank Auerbach, Head of Leon Kossoff, oil on canvas
Estimate: £200,000 – 300,000
Price paid: £1,777,250 ($2,977,249)
Purchased by: Offer Waterman Fine Art Ltd on behalf of Private Collector

Purchaser Details:

Sale Results London, Bond St
Sale L09693 A Life in Pictures: The Collection of Lord and Lady Attenborough 11 NOV 09
Graham Sutherland, Thorn Head, 1947, oil on canvas
Estimate: £150,000 – 250,000
Price paid: £481,250 ($806,190)
Purchases by: Daniel Katz Ltd

Purchaser Details:

**Nicholas Forrest is an art market analyst, art critic and journalist based in Sydney, Australia. He is the founder of http://www.artmarketblog.com, writes the art column for the magazine Antiques and Collectibles for Pleasure and Profit and contributes to many other publications

Christmas Gifts for Art Lovers 09 – artmarketblog.com

Christmas Gifts for Art Lovers 09 – artmarketblog.com

Limited Edition Photo by Youngsuk Suh from Humble Arts

Limited edition print from Humble Arts
Youngsuk Suh
Boating, Idaho, 2009, from Instant Traveler
Archival Pigment Print on Rag Paper, 16 x 20 in.
Signed and numbered, Special Edition of 3
Buy Here: http://hafny.org/editions/youngsuk-suh-limited-edition-print/

The Great Contemporary Art Bubble DVD by Ben Lewis
Art critic and film-maker Ben Lewis spent 2008 following the contemporary art market; travelling to art fairs, auctions, museums and the offices and homes of billionaire art collectors. He spoke to dealers, auctioneers, gallery-owners, art market analysts and art collectors trying to find out the reasons behind the greatest rise in the value of art in history.
Buy Here: http://www.benlewis.tv/?cat=22

Adopt a painting with the Fine Art Adoption Network
FAAN is an online network, which uses a gift economy to connect artists and potential collectors. All of the artworks on view are available for adoption. This means acquiring an artwork without purchasing it, through an arrangement between the artist and collector.
More info here: http://www.fineartadoption.net/

John Baldessari edition from Parkett Art
Edition for Parkett 86
Raised Eyebrows / Furrowed Foreheads: Crooked Made Straight, 2009
9-color silkscreen print (front and back) on Plexiglas, 5 x 12 x 1/8″ (12,5 x 31 x 0,4 cm), printed by Atelier für Siebdruck, Lorenz Boegli, Zurich, Ed. 45/XX, signed and numbered certificate
$ 2400.00
Euro 1700.00
Buy Here: http://www.parkettart.com/qwr/edition_info2.php3?edition_nr=198

Baldessari Print

Teacup by Robert Lazzarini
Designed to be viewed from all angles, Teacup becomes a visual anomaly placed among everyday items, evoking a melancholic, otherworldly quality. Although challenging to drink from, it can be used.
$200.00 Members
Buy here: http://www.momastore.org/museum/moma/ProductDisplay_Teacup_10451_10001_62512_-1_11595_11595__feature

Gift membership for The Fine Art Fund (UK)
Art Fund membership is the perfect present for an art-lover. With benefits including 50% off tickets to exhibitions as well as free entry to over 200 fascinating art collections, historic houses and beautiful gardens, you’ll be giving the gift of hundreds of enjoyable days out.
Single membership: 33 pounds
buy here: https://www.artfund.org/join/join_gift_membership.html?recipient=gift&intro=submit

Limited Edition t-shirt from Common Threads
Looking for a great present idea? Look no further! We have a very unique, cool and unusual gifts for you to give to loved ones. A tremendous amount of care goes into each t-shirt, rendering unique hemlines, detailed stitching, and precise cuts and a unique birthday gift for him or her. All our products are garment washed, yielding super-soft fabrics with a vintage feel. Our lightweight, fine gauge and innovative fabrications are combined with sleek, modern silhouettes, and the result is a collection of apparel as unique as the individuals wearing them. In addition, all of our designs are donated from leading artists and we print only 250 of each design. Given the fact that we give a school uniform to a child in need as well, it’s $38 well spent.
Buy Here:

Art and Auction magazine subscription
Subscribe to Art and Auction magazine and give a gift subsctiption free or treat yourself to two years for the price of one,
simply fill-in your name and address twice.
Buy here: http://www.artinfo.com/artandauction/

Childrens Felt Wall Clock from etsy
Beautiful, stylish and trendy felt clock for Child’s Bedroom or Nursery Wall designed to give kids another fun point of interest in their rooms.
The color of your choice.
Handcrafted, made of felt and measures 9.5-inch diam.
Requires 1 AA battery
Buy here: http://www.etsy.com/view_listing.php?listing_id=31865886

Gold and Tourmaline Ring by B. Weckstrom for Lapponia,1974

Limited Edition Photo from Troika Editions
The artworks on this site are our recommendations and they are not available anywhere else. Every artwork will be offered in the same three sizes, small, medium and large; in the same three edition runs of 300, 30 and 3; at the same price points £35, £350 and £3500. All you have to do is decide which one you like.
Buy Here: http://www.troikaeditions.co.uk/photographs

Artist iPhone Skin from Infectious
Paulo explains about his Firefox artwork: “the organic forms express interaction and connection. The hairy, fox-like elements are symbolic of nature’s speed. The hands and feet convey the need to reach everywhere and the eyes are like mirrors that reflect the global interaction, being in one place but connected to anywhere”.
iPhone Skins
Buy Here: http://www.infectious.com/iphone-skins/YUPpauloarraiano/intotheforest/910

Wearable Art from 1stdibs.com and

Finland c1970
Price: $1,850
Buy Here: http://jewelry.1stdibs.com/jewelry_item_detail.php?id=3721

Art:21 – Art in the Twenty First Century 5 (Hardcover)
Mirroring the unique strengths of the Peabody Award winning television series broadcast on PBS, Art:21 Art in the Twenty-First Century 5 presents 14 contemporary artists speaking directly and in their own words. The artists’ reflections on their processes and inspirations are juxtaposed dynamically with lush, full-color images of their work. The book also includes an introductory essay by Susan Sollins as well as artist biographies and production stills from the series. The artists featured, include Cao Fei, Mary Heilmann, Jeff Koons, Florian Maier-Aichen, William Kentridge, Doris Salcedo, Carrie Mae Weems, John Baldessari, Kimsooja, Allan McCollum, Julie Mehretu, Paul McCarthy, Cindy Sherman, and Yinka Shonibare MBE.
Buy Here: http://www.amazon.com/Art-21-Twenty-First-Century/dp/0615308368

**Nicholas Forrest is an art market analyst, art critic and journalist based in Sydney, Australia. He is the founder of http://www.artmarketblog.com, writes the art column for the magazine Antiques and Collectibles for Pleasure and Profit and contributes to many other publications

Web-Based Fine and Decorative Arts Personal Shopper Service Goes Live at NicForrest.com

I have been keeping you all in suspense for quite a while in relation to the big new project I have been working on over the last year. Finally I can announce the details of the project which you can see below:

Nic Forrest – nicforrest.com

For Immediate Release

Web-Based Fine and Decorative Arts Personal Shopper Service Goes Live at NicForrest.com

Sourcing Items of Fine and Decorative Art Made Easy with Launch of Innovative Global Online Personal Shopper Service for Discerning Interior Decorators

London, November 6, 2009 — NicForrest.com is the home of a new global web-based fine and decorative arts personal shopper service that provides discerning interior decorators and designers with a simple and effective solution to the difficulties associated with sourcing specific items of fine and decorative art.  The often frustrating task of locating hard-to-find interior pieces can now become an enjoyable experience, with access to the expertise and extensive global network of Nicholas Forrest — a Sydney and London based broker of fine objects, interior style consultant and world renowned art adviser/art critic — now one click away.

Nic adds: “By launching NicForrest.com I am able to offer personal one-on-one assistance to anyone, anywhere in the world who wishes to be united with those special objects that transform interior spaces into special places.  From interior designers who require a collection of fine objects to decorate a large commercial space, to discerning private clients who are searching for one or more special items to enhance a living space, NicForrest.com can cater to the needs of clients at all levels.”

As well as sourcing fine objects, Nic also offers several other services via NicForrest.com.  The range of services Nic provides includes:

–  Sourcing and purchasing specific fine objects (fine art, antiques, objects of design, objets d’art etc.) for residential and commercial clients

–  Arranging worldwide transportation and installation of objects purchased

–  Interior styling advice for clients who have a vision and a budget but do not have specific objects in mind

–  Advice on the acquisition of works of art/antiques/objets d’art for private and corporate collections as well as for investment purposes

Whether it is an antique or a piece of contemporary design that someone is searching for , NicForrest.com combines the services of a personal shopper with the knowledge and contacts of a professional broker of fine objects to provide an unrivalled service.  Nic explains:  “Because of the experience, knowledge and contacts I have acquired, and my standing in the art and antiques industry, I have the privilege of being in a position that enables me to utilise a global network of dealers, collectors, retailers and wholesalers to quickly locate the particular object/s that clients have been searching for at the best price.”

For further information, please contact:
Nic Forrest

Owner, NicForrest.com
Tel:  0787 869 7651 (UK)

Tel: +44 (0)787 869 7651 (INTL.)
Email:  nic@nicforrest.com
Site:  http://www.nicforrest.com

LinkedIn: http://www.linkedin.com/in/nicholasforrest


About Nic:

Nic Forrest is a Sydney/London based professional broker of fine objects, interior style consultant and art adviser.  As well as being the founder and author of artmarketblog.com, Nic has been published in many magazines and newspapers and has appeared on several radio programs (national and international) as an art market expert.  He has also been invited to be a guest lecturer at the Sotheby’s institute in Singapore for their MA Art Business program.